About British Cuisine
By: Rex Inego | Feb 03, 2012 08:25 AM
Every country has a distinctive and individual cooking traditions and practices. Some countries are well known for their cooking expertise and food than others. British cuisine is very popular across the world and one of the preferred choices of food lovers. The tip to making British cuisine is to use high quality ingredients and sauces. British Cuisine is known for its simplicity. Anglo-Saxon England was the ones to develop meat and savoury herb stewing techniques which became very popular in Europe. Introduction of exotic spices and herbs in the Middle age also influence the British cuisine greatly. The cuisine during 16th and 17th centuries remained plain and robust.
Usage of strong, penetrating spices and herbs has been inherited from Indian cuisines, during the Colonial British rule in the 18th and 19th centuries. Romano-British people were offered with high quality foodstuffs through their advanced animal breeding. The place has fertile soils that encouraged good agriculture. Over the years, Britain gained reputation for British beef and pedigree bulls. Improved plant breeding developed multiplicity of fruit and vegetable varieties. During 20th century British cuisine became less popular internationally mainly due to that era’s economic conditions and government policies. Garlic is the most pre-dominant ingredient in most of the British cuisine. English breakfast and the Christmas dinner of the British are well-known. Chips, the Sunday roast, steak and kidney pie, and bangers and mash are part of the exquisite and widespread British cuisines. Every one who comes to Britain will definitely try the traditional British cuisines that tell a lot about the culture and lifestyle there.
The regional cuisines include English, Scottish and Welsh cuisine. These regions have a distinctive type of cuisines. Some dishes have inherited names of the region, like the Cornish pasties, the Yorkshire pudding, Arbroath Smokie, and Welsh cakes.
With the rapid urbanization, food security became an important concern. With the creation of Soil Association in 1946, concerns like quality and nutritional value of industrialized food production was taken care of. In many parts of the UK, its organic farming techniques are used and accepted.
Modern British cuisine
In the late 1970s, British cuisine saw major advancement and changes. New British cuisine adopts traditional British recipes with contemporary innovations and usage of high-quality local ingredients. It is very similar to Slow Food movement. In the modern British cuisine, pre-20th-century recipes are introduced. Herbs and spices are used in the preparation of traditional dishes. Modern British cooking is widely influenced by Mediterranean cuisines, South Asian, Middle Eastern, East Asian and Southeast Asian cuisines. It slightly reflects Northern and central European cuisines.
Anglo-Indian dishes reflect traditional British cuisine. Dishes like roast beef are modified with Indian-style spices to create an Anglo-Indian dish. Spices like cloves and red chillies are used in these dishes. Anglo-Indian dishes have their Fish and meat cooked in curry along with vegetables. Use of coconut, yogurt, and almonds are very common in Anglo-Indian dishes. Some of the popular Anglo-Indian cuisine includes roasts and curries, rice dishes, and breads. Spiciness is the key factor of the Anglo-Indian cuisine,
Climate of England and the lifestyle have resulted in the emergence of English cuisine. This cuisine is influenced greatly by the geography of the island and its history. Cooking ideas and ingredients from North America, China and southern Asia are seen in English cuisine. Their ideas and ingredients were used during the British rule.
Northern Irish cuisine
Northern Ireland cuisine is very distinctive among other cuisines, but similar to the cuisine of rest of the island of Ireland. Ulster Fry is one of the popular Northern Irish cuisines. One of the world's oldest whiskey producers, Old Bushmills Distillery is located at Bushmills, County Antrim.
Although, Scottish cuisine has its own distinctive tastes and recipes, it widely reflects English cuisine. People in Scotland make haggis and shortbread. Dishes from made from lamb, beef, oats, potatoes, and sea foods are very popular. Variety of whiskies is produced in Scotland.
British cuisine influences the Welsh cuisine greatly. Welsh dishes reflect the tastes of British cuisine and vice versa, Lamb is mostly used in Welsh cooking and it is very popular. In areas like Pembrokeshire and Carmarthenshire, beef and dairy are reared. However, Lamb recipes remain their favourite.